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European Education Area

Quality education and training for all

Digital Education Action Plan – Action 2

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the sudden and large-scale use of digital learning practices. The range of solutions put in place to ensure the continuity of education and training is wide and includes both low and high-tech practices, with marked differences between regions and European Union (EU) Member States. 

Higher levels of digital capacity and experience with alternative and flexible forms of learning have led to faster and more effective responses. 

Evidence highlights differences between education and training levels and sectors. In most cases, higher education institutions continued their lessons virtually, while many schools at both primary and secondary level lacked expertise and struggled to offer distance and online learning opportunities to all their students. 

In this context, the proposed Council Recommendation outlines how to effectively blend different learning environments and tools to increase the inclusiveness and flexibility of distance and online primary and secondary school education.


Drawing on lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic, the European Commission has proposed a Council Recommendation with the aim of developing a shared understanding at the EU level of effective, inclusive and engaging approaches to distance, online and blended learning. 

The purpose is to support Member States in adapting their school education systems to be more flexible and inclusive of a broad range of pedagogical methods, technological tools, learner needs and changing circumstances.

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Header image: © European Union, 2021.