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European Education Area

Quality education and training for all

Digital Education Action Plan – Action 7

Common guidelines for teachers and educators to foster digital literacy and tackle disinformation through education and training

Digital literacy has never been as important as in today’s increasingly digitalised world. 

The rapidly changing media and information landscape, together with the great number of online media platforms and sources of information, requires that people are not only confident, but also knowledgeable and critical in the digital world.

In times of crisis, challenges related to the spread of disinformation and harmful content increase, putting strain on our democracies and individuals’ wellbeing.

In a recent Eurobarometer survey, 37% of Europeans who responded shared that they come across news that they believe to misrepresent reality or even be false on a daily basis. 

In another survey (Edelman Trust Barometer, 2020), 74% of respondents expressed concerns about the presence of fake news in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

In 2020, respondents to the European Commission’s open public consultation on the Digital Education Action Plan 2021-2027 highlighted that skills related to digital literacy, such as identifying facts from fake information, managing ‘information overload’ and navigating safely online, are recognised as the top three digital skills needed for the 21st century.

Education and training has a crucial role to play in equipping citizens with the critical thinking skills required to exercise judgment in the online world, taking into consideration its particular phenomena, related to the presence of algorithms, ‘information bubbles’ and ‘echo chambers’. 

To ensure the effective development of digital literacy and tackling disinformation through the education and training process, teachers and educators need to be further supported with guidance and hands-on examples. 

Key activities

The Commission will develop common guidelines to help teachers and educators to promote digital literacy and to address disinformation through education and training. 

In addition to this, it will launch an informal Commission expert group on addressing disinformation and promoting digital literacy through education and training.

Expected results

  • better public awareness and knowledge regarding disinformation
  • a broader understanding of digital literacy achieved through education and training
  • responsible and safe use of digital technologies


  • May 2021 – launch of call for expert group 
  • October 2021 – first meeting of the expert group
  • September 2022 – final common guidelines for teachers and educators to foster digital literacy and to tackle disinformation in through education and training 


This action is funded by the EU’s Erasmus+ programme

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