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European Education Area

Quality education and training for all

Digital Education Action Plan – Action 10

Council recommendation on improving the provision of digital skills in education and training

The ambitious targets of the Digital Compass 2030 require education and training systems to reinforce their efforts to provide digital skills and competences to as many pupils as possible from an earlier age. 

Computing and information and technology (IT) education in school allow young people to gain a critical and practical understanding of the digital world in which they live. 

Yet, many young people in Europe leave school without any exposure to computing or IT education. 

Many European Union (EU) Member States are currently revising their curricula, for example by introducing computing into primary education or by adding new components, such as artificial intelligence (AI), digital citizenship and computational thinking to curricula. 

Despite these efforts, in 2019 only 56% of 16 to 74 year olds in the EU had basic or above basic digital skills (Eurostat, 2020).


To empower Europeans to develop basic and advanced digital skills through education and training, the European Commission will develop a Council Recommendation on improving the provision of digital skills in education and training. 

This will include using EU tools to invest in teacher professional development. The Recommendation will also encourage the exchange of best practices on instructional methods, including a focus on high-quality computing education at all levels of education, and fostering dialogue with industry on identifying and meeting new and emerging skills needs.

Key activities

  • update of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) report ‘Developing Computational Thinking in Compulsory Education – Implications for policy and practice’
  • creation of Council Recommendations on improving the provision of digital skills in education and training

Expected results

  • create guidance on IT as a subject, including its principles, concepts and practices in teaching and learning
  • reach an agreement on a coherent vision and shared terminology related to providing high-quality computing/IT education to all students in Europe
  • share best practices for assessment in education institutions and highlight the potential and limitations of computing for solving societal challenges
  • contribute to the objectives of the Strategy for Shaping Europe’s Digital Future to ensure 65% of Europeans have at least basic digital skills by 2025


  • October-December 2021 – update of the JRC report on computational thinking
  • Autumn 2022 – publication of a Eurydice Report mapping IT and computing education at school level in Europe 
  • End of 2022 – proposal for a Council Recommendation on improving the provision of digital skills 


This action is funded by the EU’s Erasmus+ programme.

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